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    燃气具指令

    燃气具指令
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    • 应用范围:
    详细介绍

    燃气具指令(GAS)

    认证内容摘要

    一个产品在投入欧盟市场销售或投入使用之前,产品标记CE标志,往往涉及多个欧盟指令的要求,燃气具产品也不例外。比如,燃气烧烤炉和燃气灶具必须满足燃气具指令(GAD)的要求;使用市电的电子控制燃气烤箱必须满足燃气具指令(GAD)、低电压指令(LVD)和电磁兼容性指令(EMC)的要求;使用市电的电子控制燃气热水器和电子控制燃气锅炉必须满足燃气具指令(GAD)、低电压指令(LVD)、电磁兼容性指令(EMC)和锅炉能效指令(BED)。所以,一款燃器具产品的CE认证要考察以下三个问题:

    1. 产品适用哪个或哪几个欧盟指令?

    2. 这些欧盟指令规定的产品评估模块和由评估模块组成的产品评估程序是怎样的?

    3. 产品需要分别符合哪些欧盟协调标准才可以当然地认为分别满足了这些欧盟指令的要求?

    燃气具产品适用的欧盟指令

    燃气具指令——毋庸置疑,燃气具产品肯定适用欧盟燃气具指令(GAD)。燃气具指令包括的产品范围为:以气体燃料为主要能源用于烹饪、加热、热水、制冷、照明或洗涤的器具及用于这些器具的安全控制部件或组件,如果器具含有水来工作,则水正常工作的温度不超过105OC。纯工业过程用途的燃气燃烧设备不属于燃气具指令范围。

    锅炉能效指令——以液态燃料或气态燃料为主要能源、以水为热传递媒介、额定输出功率在4kW和400kW之间的器具为锅炉能效指令的产品范围。一般燃气热水器、热气壁挂炉都适用锅炉能效指令。

    低电压指令——额定输入电压在50~1000Vac或75~1500Vdc的普通电器产品均应适用低电压指令的要求。燃气具产品如果使用了市电给控制电路供电,则该产品同时也要满足低电压指令即电气安全的要求。

    电磁兼容性指令——普通电器产品均适用电磁兼容性指令。燃气具产品如果使用了控制电路控制燃气供给,不管这个控制电路是由市电还是干电池供应电能,产品都应该满足电磁兼容性指令的要求。


    燃气具产品符合性评估模块和由模块组成的评估程序

    燃气具指令——燃气具指令包含的评估模块有六个,分别称之为:模式B、C、D、E、F和G。由这些模块组成的评估程序有五种,根据产品生产的实际情况和厂商的选择,五种评估程序中的任何一种都能取得CE认证。以流程图的方式可以右上角的图表示。

    锅炉能效指令——类似于燃气具指令,但少了模式F和G。共有四个模块:模式B、C、D和E,三个由评估模块组成的评估程序:B-C、B-D和B-E。

    低电压指令、电磁兼容性指令——均可以适用自我声明的方式取得CE标志,但要有相关的产品技术资料备查。

    燃气具产品符合性评估所用的具体技术标准

    燃气具指令所涵盖产品范围

    气体燃料中央暖气系统

    90/396/EEC

    液化石油天然气专用设备

    90/396/EEC

    家用燃气热水器

    90/396/EEC

    带风扇煤气炉

    90/396/EEC

    燃气橱具

    90/396/EEC

    燃气空气加热器

    90/396/EEC

    燃气吸附(Gas-fired sorption),家用燃气洗涤和干燥设备

    90/396/EEC

    独立式燃气空间加热器

    90/396/EEC

    大型燃气式厨房设备

    90/396/EEC

    非自动上装式气体燃烧加热器

    90/396/EEC

    橡胶和塑料水带及水带组件

    90/396/EEC

    燃气炉及其燃气设备的安全和控制装置

    90/396/EEC

    家用及类似用途电气设备安全性

    90/396/EEC

    煤气用具和煤气设备的密封材料和润滑剂

    90/396/EEC

    测试气体、压力及其同类设备

    90/396/EEC

    燃气具指令下的协调标准

    燃气具指令——到目前为止,具体体现指令基本要求的燃气具产品标准共有61个,请见下表。

    EN 26 Gas-fired instantaneous water heaters for sanitary uses production, fitted with atmospheric burners

    EN 30 Domestic cooking appliances burning gas fuel

    EN 88 Pressure governors for gas appliances for inlet pressures up to 200 mbar

    EN 89 Gas-fired storage water heaters for the production of domestic hot water

    EN 125 Flame supervision devices for gas burning appliances — Thermo-electric flame supervision devices

    EN 126 Multifunctional controls for gas burning appliances

    EN 161 Automatic shut-off valves for gas burners and gas appliances

    EN 203 Gas heated catering equipment

    EN 257 Mechanical thermostats for gas-burning appliances

    EN 297 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Type B11 and B11BS boilers fitted with atmospheric burners of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

    EN 298 Automatic gas burner control systems for gas burners and gas burning appliances with or without fans

    EN 303 Heating boilers

    EN 377 Lubricants for applications in appliances and associated controls using combustible gases except those designed for use in industrial processes

    EN 416 Single burner gas-fired overhead radiant-tube heaters

    EN 419 Non-domestic gas-fired overhead luminous radiant heaters

    EN 437 Test gases — Test pressures — Appliance categories

    EN 449 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Domestic flueless space heaters (including diffusive catalytic combustion heaters)

    EN 461 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Flueless nondomestic space heaters not exceeding 10 kW

    EN 483 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Type C boilers of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

    EN 484 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Independent hotplates, including those incorporating a grill for outdoor use

    EN 497 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Multi purpose boiling burners for outdoor use

    EN 498 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Barbecues for outdoor use

    EN 509 Decorative fuel-effect gas appliances

    EN 521 Specifications for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Portable vapour pressure liquefied petroleum gas appliances

    EN 525 Non-domestic direct gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 300 kW

    EN 549 Rubber materials for seals and diaphragms for gas appliances and gas equipment

    EN 613 Independent gas-fired convection heaters

    EN 621 Non-domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 300 kW, without a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or combustion products

    EN 624 Specification for dedicated LPG appliances — Room sealed LPG space heating equipment for installation in vehicles and boats

    EN 625 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Specific requirements for the domestic hot water operation of combination boilers of nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

    EN 656 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Type B boilers of nominal heat input exceeding 70 kW but not exceeding 300 kW

    EN 676 Automatic forced draught burners for gaseous fuels

    EN 677 Gas-fired central heating boilers — Specific requirements for condensing boilers with a nominal heat input not exceeding 70 kW

    EN 732 Specifications for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Absorption refrigerators

    EN 751 Sealing materials for metallic threaded joints in contact with 1st, 2nd and 3rd family gases and hot water

    EN 777 Multi-burner gas-fired overhead radiant tube heater systems for non-domestic use

    EN 778 Domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 70 kW, without a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or combustion products

    EN 1020 Non-domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating not exceeding a net heat input of 300 kW, incorporating a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or combustion products

    EN 1106 Manually operated taps for gas burning appliances

    EN 1196 Domestic and non-domestic gas-fired air heaters — Supplementary requirements for condensing air heaters

    EN 1266 Independent gas-fired convection heaters incorporating a fan to assist transportation of combustion air and/or flue gases

    EN 1319 Domestic gas-fired forced convection air heaters for space heating, with fanassisted burners not exceeding a net heat input of 70 kW

    EN 1458 Domestic direct gas-fired tumble dryers of types B22D and B23D, of nominal heat input not exceeding 6 kW

    EN 1596 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Mobile and portable non-domestic forced convection direct fired air heaters

    EN 1643 Valve proving systems for automatic shut-off valves for gas burners and gas appliances

    EN 1854 Pressure sensing devices for gas burners and gas burning appliances

    EN 12067 Gas/air ratio controls for gas burners and gas burning appliances

    EN 12078 Zero governors for gas burners and gas burning appliances

    EN 12244 Direct gas-fired washing machines, of nominal heat input not exceeding 20 kW

    EN 12309 Gas-fired absorption and adsorption air-conditioning and/or heat pump appliances with a net heat input not exceeding 70 kW

    EN 12669 Direct gas-fired hot air blowers for use in greenhouses and supplementary nondomestic space heating

    EN 12752 Gas-fired type B tumble dryers of nominal heat input not exceeding 20 kW

    EN 12864 Low-pressure, non adjustable regulators having a maximum outlet pressure of less than or equal to 200 mbar, with a capacity of less than or equal to 4 kg/h, and their associated safety devices for butane, propane or their mixtures

    EN 13278 Open fronted gas-fired independent space heaters

    EN 13611 Safety and control devices for gas burners and gas-burning appliances — General requirements

    EN 13785 Regulators with a capacity of up to and including 100 kg/h, having a maximum nominal outlet pressure of up to and including 4 bar, other than those covered by EN 12864 and their associated safety devices for butane, propane or their mixtures

    EN 13786 Automatic change-over valves having a maximum outlet pressure of up to and including 4 bar with a capacity of up to and including 100 kg/h, and their associated safety devices for butane, propane or their mixtures

    EN 13836 Gas fired central heating boilers — Type B boilers of nominal heat input exceeding 300 kW, but not exceeding 1 000 kW

    EN 14438 Gas-fired insets for heating more than one room

    EN 14543 Specification for dedicated liquefied petroleum gas appliances — Parasol patio heaters — Flueless radiant heaters for outdoor or amply ventilated area use

    EN 15033 Room sealed storage water heaters for the production of sanitary hot water using LPG for vehicles and boats

    锅炉能效指令——体现锅炉能效指令基本技术要求没有另外专门的标准,能效要求都包含在燃气具指令相关产品标准里。

    低电压指令、电磁兼容性指令——适用的标准同家用电器产品标准,如:EN 60335-1,EN 55014-1,EN 55014-2,EN 61000-3-2, EN 61000-3-3等。


    发布时间:2018-4-24 0:00:00
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